in the table below.
The difference in color between reference sample and
production items, even with the latter delivered in different
lots, shall not exceed the spectrophotometric limits
reported in the table below.
PLAIN COLOR FABRICS (PIECE OR YARN DYED)
WITHOUT ANY SPECIAL FINISHING OPERATION
(E.G. GRINDING ETC.)
SPECIFICATIONS CMC (2:1) - D65
1 Wool 0.8
2 Silk 1.0
3 Cotton/ Rayon/Acetate 1.2
4 Synthetic and blends 1.2
Suppliers will mark the original lot on each single piece
label, bearing in mind that a single piece, unless differently
stipulated, cannot be called a lot. It is agreed anyway that
assembly of each garment will be made solely of parts to
be cut away from the same piece.
In case of mattress cut the maker up will make sure to
keep a strict segregation amongst pieces. In case a
garment maker clearly specifies that fabrics made of
different fibers or having different weights will be matched
together in composé garment and /or whenever mix and
matches are planned, a supplier will endeavor to maximize
color matching of each of group of articles, possibly
submitting them to garment maker for final approval.
12. Color variation on center to selvedge and head
to tail, unevenness, halos
With the exception of goods already inspected by
agreement with the garment maker as per the provisions
of Article 5 above, evenness evaluation is carried out by
trained personnel only by means of visual control of the
piece, and of its related composed strip, under D 65 light.
As center to selvedge shall be understood:
a) the shade difference between the center and the two
b) the shade difference between the two selvedges;
c) the decreasing (degradé) difference between the two
Differences in color must be measured by a spectrumphotometer
by using the CMC (2:1) D-65 formula and on
each piece dyed or yarn dyed fabric they should not
exceed a “E = 0,5.
For fabric that has been subjected to further finishing treatment,
like grinding, or has been open-width dyed, garment makers
will refer to the values in the fabric data sheet.
In case of fabrics showing wider center to selvedges (not
recoverable), that may be cut yet to narrower widths or
different markers, the parties will agree upon a related
allowance or increase of fabric consumption.
As heads and tails shall be understood the difference in
color between the beginning and the end of the out of the
strip. Such difference, measured with spectrophotometer,
formula CMC (2:1) – D65, shall not exceed D = 0.6 for all
fabrics. Readings are carried out center-to-center on the
head and tail composed strips.
Unevenness and halos may be hardly detected on wool
fabrics by visual inspection, hence they are to be
considered as hidden defects.
13. Color fastness
With the exception of goods already inspected by
agreement with the garment maker as per the provisions
of Article 5 above, fabric data sheet values and the
provisions of UNI EN ISO 105 standard will identify the
color fastness to: light, perspiration, dry cleaning with
perchloroethylene, washing, rubbing, ironing, spotting
water and water.
14. Fabric defects
We consider visible or evident defects all of those
imperfections than can be eye-spotted on fabrics at the
time of delivery and may cause prejudice to the finished
On the other hand we have hidden or concealed defects
whereas instrumental analysis is required in order to
detect them. This includes defect gaining physical
evidence during or after a standard production process.
The Supplier guarantees the quality of the goods for six
months from the date of delivery. Such guarantee
excludes all defects arising due to transportation, incorrect
processing by the garment maker, improper use,
inappropriate storage or maintenance. The maximum
liability of the Supplier hereunder shall in any event be
limited to the price paid by the garment maker for the
consignment of goods in question. The guarantee
expressly excludes any and all other damages including
consequential and/or indirect damages and replaces and
supersedes any and all further guarantees, whether
explicit, implied or provided by law, which are excluded
from these terms and conditions.
15. Discounts /allowances
Defects are marked as follows:
- ‘minor defect’: green seal
- “medium defect”: yellow seal
- “major defect”: red seal
- “constant defect”: blue seal
Unless otherwise settled, reference is made to the
- “minor defect”: any defect not exceeding 5 cm, both
warp and weft wise;
- “medium defect”: any defect between 5 and 60 cm,
both warp and weft wise.
- “major defect”: any defect over 60 cm weft wise;
- “constant defect”: any defect over 60 cm warp wise.
Unless otherwise settled, the respective allowances are
- ‘minor defect’: 15 cm
- “medium defect”: 30 cm
- “major defect”: 60 cm
- “constant defect”: defect’s length
The garment maker may accept pieces with maximum 8
defects, basis 50 m, not exceeding though an overall
allowance rate of 8%. It is worthily to remark anyway that
this parameter does not apply to some special products.
For such products the supplier will define some special
tolerances on the fabric data sheet.
For men wear fabrics the garment maker may accept
pieces with maximum 6 defects, basis 50 m, not
exceeding though an overall allowance rate of 5%.
Beyond the limits mentioned above, the garment maker
is entitled to accept pieces upon discount. Should no such
agreement be reached, the parties shall submit the issue
to the decision of the commission laboratory as foreseen
for under Article 5 above.
In case of visible defects, the supplier’s liability is limited
to the goods in “as delivered” conditions and prior to any
further treatment, such as steaming or decatizing, unless
otherwise stipulated between parties.
Any claim on visible defect must be raised and notified to
the supplier in writing within 10 working days from the date
of delivery. Claims can be announced on the phone and an
agreement can be found on liabilities whenever it is decided
that processing on the lot being claimed can be continued.
As far as hidden defects are concerned, claims must be
raised and notified to supplier within eight working days
from the date of their detection and/or eight working days
from the date a claim has first been notified by the end
garment maker(s). Goods under claim must be kept 10
calendar days at supplier’s disposal, so to enable the
supplier himself to carry out any inspection or analysis
he deems necessary. Goods must be safeguarded and
stored in good practice conditions.
The Supplier shall inspect the goods subject to claim in
order to ascertain whether the defect exists and is
attributable to the Supplier. Only if the Supplier is satisfied
that this is the case shall the Supplier be liable for the
defect in accordance with, and within the limits set forth
in, these terms and conditions.
17. Return of goods
Any return of defective pieces must be authorized by
supplier in written or by telephone within 10 calendar days
from the date of claim, after grounds of claim have been
duly ascertained, if the supplier requires verification. Any
returns without Supplier’s prior authorisation shall not
entitle the garment maker to any credit note.
Returns for claims are forwarded at supplier’s charge.
All pieces, when returned, must be duly rolled open-width
on a cardboard tube, they must be properly wrapped, right
side inside. In case of pile fabrics, rolling must not be
done counter pile.
Pieces returned for defects detected during garment
makers’ inspections must show the conventional defect
seals (or other marks) described above.
Unless otherwise stipulated, pieces that can be reprocessed
must be re-delivered to garment makers as
soon as possible, unless agreed otherwise.
18. Delivery terms and conditions
As delivery date shall be considered the date agreed
between the parties and reported on the order
confirmation, ex works, with a dead-line of 15 calendar
days, beyond which the parties will decide for a further
postponement or for different counter-measures. Any
delays beyond the above-mentioned grace period shall
entitle the garment maker to cancel the particular order
with no right to damages of any kind whatsoever.
Force majeure cases, where events beyond the supplier’s
control or responsibility result in late deliveries (strikes,
severe weather or unforeseen damages, etc.) will not be
eligible for order cancellations or refunds, if suppliers
promptly notify garment makers of the problems occurred
and agree a new delivery date.
All pieces, when delivered, must be duly rolled open-width
on a cardboard tube, they must be properly wrapped, face
inside. In case of pile fabrics, rolling must not be done
19. Order cancellation
A garment maker may ask to cancel orders or programs
for loom-state fabrics. Suppliers will evaluate such request
on the basis of their process schedule or possible
alternative destination for such materials. In case of an
exclusive design, garment makers will be asked to refund
tooling costs (screens and rollers for printing, cardboards
or computerized programs for jacquard patterns and so
20. Payment terms – Maintenance of ownership
Payment terms are agreed between parties on each order
and will be recalled upon order confirmation.
Payments will always be transferred to the supplier’s
headquarters if not differently stipulated. Overdue
payments will waive any right to special discounts. When
a garment maker fails to meet a payment obligation, and
if not otherwise agreed, suppliers are entitled to stop
manufacturing and delivering orders until the full
settlement of dues. An official call for solicitors is not
needed in order to start such an action.
Disputes arising from claims not settled upon mutual
agreement will be ruled by the provisions of the relevant
The garment maker agrees that it shall in no event
suspend or delay payment for the goods nor make any
claims prior to effecting payment in full for the supply. In
the event of late payment, the Supplier may have recourse
on the laws in force governing late payment in commercial
transactions, as well as to compensation for any further
damages. Title to the goods shall pass to the garment
maker only upon full payment of the purchase price. In
the event of late payment, the Supplier shall also have
the right to re-possess the goods without any other
formality, reserving all Supplier’s rights to seek any further
opportune remedy for the prejudice suffered.
21. Price validity
Suppliers are supposed to quote prices to garment
makers by the time they choose one or more items (either
it is a trial lot or regular production), including minimum
ordering quantities on each item or alternative of same.
By the time a garment maker places an order for samples,
suppliers will fix a price for the whole season.
The parties hereby agree to submit any dispute arising in relation
to this contract to the conciliation procedure provided for by the
Conciliation Desk at the Prato Chamber of Commerce for Trade
Industry and Agriculture (“CCIAA”) In the event that conciliation
does not settle the dispute, said dispute shall be settled by a
jointly appointed sole arbitrator or where such appointment is
not jointly agreed, then appointed by the CCIAA. The arbitrator
shall rule on the dispute pursuant to the procedure and laws in
conformance with the Rules of the Chamber of Arbitration of
Prato applying Italian law and these terms and conditions.